smartyEscape("The aim of this paper is to suggest a model which assists in the ability to judge the access offered to the public by Information Technology, IT and Public Information Systems, PIS. It has its starting point in the Swedish Governmentís endeavour to turn Sweden into the first "information society for all". A study of the available statistics concerning the access to a PC and the Internet in Swedish homes could make one think that this vision may soon be realised. Naturally, access to the technical equipment is a fundamental condition in order to be able to use the Public Information Systems, but unfortunately, is not the only one. Several studies have shown that it is not possible to equate possession and use. A number of access models or frameworks designed to judge whether or not a person has access to the ICTs do exist. However, it is my opinion that there is a deficiency in these models; their starting point is not the individual userís prerequisites, but rather they judge the external conditions available for possible access. Assisted by four empirical studies, interviews and questionnaires, a number of access barriers experienced by the users have been identified. The studies show that in addition to the technological hindrances, a more elusive set also exists, originating from the prevailing norms and values in the userís environment. These barriers are categorised into five groups; to have, to be able, to will, to may and to dare. Together these notions form the User Centred Access Model, UCAM, which is suggested for use in charting and communicating the necessary considerations that must be taken into account in the development of Public Information Systems") File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\lib\smarty\Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("D:\Sites\\cache\t_compile\mpgTheme^%%28^280^280EE005%%dublincore.tpl.php") File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\classes\template\ line 211 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: D:\Sites\\cache\t_compile\mpgTheme^%%35^350^3508C2FA%%header.tpl.php line 33 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\lib\smarty\Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("D:\Sites\\cache\t_compile\mpgTheme^%%35^350^3508C2FA%%header.tpl.php") File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\classes\template\ line 211 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: D:\Sites\\cache\t_compile\mpgTheme^%%38^38D^38D7420B%%article.tpl.php line 6 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\lib\smarty\Smarty.class.php line 1256 Function: include("D:\Sites\\cache\t_compile\mpgTheme^%%38^38D^38D7420B%%article.tpl.php") File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\classes\template\ line 296 Function: Smarty->fetch("article/article.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\classes\template\ line 347 Function: PKPTemplateManager->fetch("article/article.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: D:\Sites\\pages\article\ line 226 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("article/article.tpl") File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(2), Object(Request)) File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\classes\core\ line 362 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(2), Object(Request)) File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\classes\core\ line 220 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(2), False) File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\classes\core\ line 134 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: D:\Sites\\lib\pkp\classes\core\ line 178 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: D:\Sites\\index.php line 65 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: WINNT PHP Version: 5.3.28 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.7.28-0ubuntu0.18.04.4-log

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